The Dominion of Canada came into being on July 1, 1867 as a self governing colony of the British Empire. New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec became the new countries founding provinces.
Over time, additional provinces and territories were added commencing with Manitoba and the North West Territories, added in 1870. Next, the province of British Columbia was added in 1871, then Prince Edward Island in 1873, followed by the Yukon Territory in 1898, and the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan which were added in 1905, then Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949, and most recently the territory of Nunavut which was added in 1999.
Covering an area of nearly 10 million square kilometers; approximately 4 million square miles, Canada is considered the second largest country in the world behind Russia. Despite covering an area of close to 4 million miles, Canada’s actual land mass is significantly smaller, as almost 10% of this area (a million square kilometers or 350,000 square miles) is covered with fresh water lakes. A million square kilometers of fresh water lakes alone make Canada a world class playground but on top of these her borders touch the North Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans, the Beaufort and Labrador Seas, the Davis Strait, and the Baffin, and Hudsons Bays. The many bodies of water the within and around her help create and sustain Canada’s rich supply of natural resources, and provide Canada with unparalleled access to global trade routes.
Canada’s 2015 population is estimated at close to 36 million people.